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French chemist receives Nobel Prize

Two American researchers, Robert Grubbs and Richard Schrock, and French researcher Yves Chauvin, are the laureates of the 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. They were awarded the prize for their work in the area of metathesis, which has become one of the most useful reactions in organic chemistry.
Yves Chauvin, 75, is an emeritus Senior Scientist at CNRS.1 In 1971, while researcher at the French Petroleum Institute (IFP)2, he succeeded in explaining the mechanism of metathesis. This has enabled procedures that used metathesis to be performed in a more efficient and environmentally friendly fashion. Today, such procedures are mostly used by the chemical industry, mainly in production of medications and plastic materials.
The two other Chemistry laureates received the award for their work on efficient catalysts for metathesis.

 

Notes :

1. Joint lab CNRS / Université Lyon-I / École supérieure de chimie physique électronique de Lyon. (Lyon School of Chemistry, Physics and Electronics). View web site

2. Institut français du pétrole.


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