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FRENCH RESEARCH NEWS

Reorganization 
Structural Reform at CNRS

CNRS is undergoing a major structural overhaul, in line with the new national guidelines on French scientific research. Eight institutes have been created to replace the organization's eight existing departments, bringing the total number of CNRS institutes to ten (see inset).
They will be endowed with more autonomy and flexibility than the former scientific departments.
They will also take on new tasks. Besides running the laboratories, which the departments also handled, they will act as funding agencies for targeted thematic and/or multidisciplinary programs. These changes are being implemented in the context of a general reform of the French research sector.
Over the past five years, the French government has created the ANR,1 in charge of funding research projects; launched the AERES,2 an evaluation agency for higher education and research; and implemented a major reform aimed at giving universities more autonomy.
Once universities become autonomous, the coordination and integration of research across the country will become the responsibility of institutions like CNRS. This is likely to give the institution greater influence and responsibility for exploring new avenues of research.
1. Agence nationale de la recherche. www.agence-nationale-recherche.fr/Intl
2. Agence d'évaluation de la recherche et de l'enseignement supérieur.
www.aeres-evaluation.fr/

The Ten CNRS Institutes
> Institute of Chemistry (INC)
> Institute of Ecology and Environment (INEE)
> Institute of Physics (INP)
> Institute of Biological Sciences (INSB)
> Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences (INSHS)
> Institute for Computer Sciences (INS2I)
> Institute for Engineering and Systems Sciences (INSIS)
> Institute for Mathematical Sciences (INSMI)
> National Institute of Nuclear and Particle Physics (IN2P3)
> National Institute for Earth Sciences and Astronomy (INSU)
For more information: www.cnrs.fr/en/aboutCNRS/institutes.htm



Death of Claude Lévi-Strauss
The ethnologist and anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss died on October 31st at the age of 100. An emblematic figure of these two disciplines and CNRS Gold Medalist in 1967, he established the Laboratoire d'anthropologie sociale1 in Paris. Author of over 20 publications including the well-known Tristes Tropiques, Lévi-Strauss is considered to be the father of modern anthropology. His essays were based on his ethnographic missions in the Amazon during the 1930s. According to anthropologist Frédéric Keck, “his work has inspired the greatest studies in humanities: those of Foucault, Deleuze, and Bourdieu. It has had an outstanding international influence, with no equivalent in modern French thinking.”
1. CNRS / Collège de France / EHESS.


>> 339
This is the number of patents filed by CNRS between July 2008 and June 2009, compared to 284 for the previous 12 months. Forty-four percent of these new patents are already being exploited. In total, CNRS expects to receive €56 billion in royalties for 2009. CNRS is one of the ten public research organizations filing the most patents in the US, an important first for a European organization.


Michel Spiro New President of the Cern Council
Currently director of CNRS' National Institute of Nuclear and Particle Physics (IN2P3), Michel Spiro has been elected president of the Cern Council, the European organization for nuclear research. “This is a great honor,” he said. “I will become the Council's 20th president, with the important responsibility of following in the footsteps of my illustrious predecessors. I will directly succeed Professor Akesson, who has made the Council evolve significantly over the past few years. Given the first results of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the future promises to be very exciting. Discoveries made at LHC will be the ones that shape the future


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