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Jean Tirole, Economist
TIROLEThe CNRS Gold Medal, the highest award in France for scientific research, was awarded to Jean Tirole, one of the world's leading economists. Tirole, 54, now a researcher at GREMAQ,1 has worked on both game theory and information theory to build the foundations for the New Industrial Economics. Tirole is the author of eight books, four of which are internationally-renowned works of reference. He is also an active participant in public debate, helping to shape economic policy.
Tirole's work focuses heavily on two concepts: game theory, which represents and predicts the strategies of different interdependent players, each with his own goals, and information theory, which shows what use these players make of strategic information. A mathematician by training, Tirole discovered economics as a student at École Polytechnique. He did his PhD at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), which had at the time the best economics department in the world. Tirole then taught at MIT from 1984 to 1991, and has had a permanent visiting professorship there ever since.

1. Groupe de recherche en économie mathématique et quantitative (CNRS / Université Toulouse 1 / EHESS / INRA).
Jean Tirole,
GREMAQ, Toulouse.

A Unique Tool for Foreign Students
If you are interested in studying in France, are in need of information on university programs and fellowships, or accommodations and student visas, CampusFrance is there to help you. The merger of three key agencies1 for the promotion of French higher education and scientific mobility, CampusFrance brings together on one website all the key information needed by foreign students interested in studying in the country. The organization is present the world over with more than 80 offices to answer questions relating to visiting students. Students can set up a personal mailbox to correspond with their local CampusFrance staff and, once they have indicated their wish to pre-register in a particular discipline, they are able to correspond directly with a representative of the institution they would like to attend. They will also find a powerful search engine managed by CampusFrance, which provides information on more than 30,000 higher education courses. The online catalog is constantly updated, simple to navigate, and offered in four major languages.

1. Agence EduFrance, CROUS, and EGIDE.

>> 18%
is the current percentage of women holding senior researcher and professorship positions in France, according to the Observatory for Jobs in Science,1 though 58% of new university students are women. Regrettably, the French figures are very close to the European average of 15.3% in 2004.2 The country with the worst figures is Belgium, with just 9% of women holding senior positions, while Turkey and Romania top the list, with 25.5% and 29.9% respectively.


1. L'état des lieux de l'emploi scientifique en France, février 2007.

2. European Commission, She Figures 2006, Women and Science, Statistics and Indicators.

Universities: New Law Voted
On August 1st, the French Parliament approved the bill on liberties and responsibilities of universities. This bill stipulates that all universities acquire autonomy in the areas of budgeting and human resources management in a period of five years. The text also contains provisions to improve students' everyday life and academic counseling, as well as enable them to take a more active part in the democratic process of their universities.


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